OMG..fun88..Actually I was not much surprised about because I saw this happened before. see how the Player doing…only 2 players on a line .
2. What made me so much dissapointed is the way they responsed me when I sent to them all the pictures that i got. They avoided to talk about what showing on pictures and just focus on how my bets..blah…blah….
1. See how the player going…4players in a line
Here are pictures I got the day so you could check. Pictures taken both my mobile device and my P.C. The game results came out were totally different in same game same table same casino. My screen capture on mobile device
3. Please be careful with them casino online fun88, if you willing to throw away your money then go ahead as I did.
I knew they would try to find excuses and will never accept that they cheats us-players.
Maybe Im too addicted to the casino so even i knew they sometimes cheated me but i still playing with them. Compare with above picture and see
Casino online fun88
I was a player of this online casino fun88 but from now on I will stop playing. The table in between. But today even when i proved how they cheated me but they still ignored me….how am I disappointed !!!!!!
The casino online with fun88 I used to play is Royal Palace
Www.fun122.com. There were many times I found that they cheating but I had no evidence or the evidences not clear to prove.
The day I was lucky to capture my mobile screen where I used to bet on the baccarat game and at the same time took a shot on my P.C screen. Picture I took from the mobile device at the baccarat game lobby read this https://www.fun88no1.com
Then one day she was in a car accident and was hospitalized and she was unable to get her lottery ticket, and 4 out of 6 of her numbers were picked. I actually meet someone who wrote numbers from 1 to 99 on little pieces of paper and picked 6 numbers from the hat. For example if your birth date is 11-05-1971 you may use 11-05-19-71. There are many different games and the more they cost the less numbers you get to choose but the jackpots can be anywhere from 1 to 5 million dollars.
Unlike the lottery in keno you can pick your lucky numbers and pay for multiple games, instead of having to fill out a form for each game. She would not have won millions but it could have been worth a few hundred had she been able to buy her lottery ticket that week.
Make sure to play your lucky numbers every week. You can also play lottery type games in casinos and online casinos. its called Keno, and it is exactly like the lottery except instead of once or twice a week a new game starts every 5 minutes 24 hours a day 7 days a week.
With all the people in the world you would think there would be millions of different ways to pick your personal lucky numbers, but most people actually do the exact same things to pick their lucky numbers.
Besides writing online casino reviews Lindsy Jackson is an astrologist and gives people their lucky numbers and their horoscopes for gambling.. Later you can return to the keno area and they can run your ticket thru the computer and pay you for any wins you may have had. She played those numbers for years. The chances of you winning increase every time you play your lucky numbers because chances are you are closer to them winning then the time before.
Another popular way to get your lucky numbers is to read your weekly horoscope. This can usually be found in your local newspaper, but if you do not get the paper or your paper does not offer you horoscopes or lucky numbers then you can check them online.
The most common way to pick your lucky numbers is to pick your birth date and the dates of your friends of family. Then you are free to go about your business in the casino maybe play some table games or the slot machines. These people are the most likely people to play the lottery.
Lottery players will come up with what they feel is their lucky numbers and they will play them every week in hopes of one day winning the lottery and making all their dreams come true.
Now that you have your lucky numbers here are some tips on how to improve your chances of winning.
By: Lindsy Jackson
Don’t just play them in the state lottery. Parents will usually use the dates of their children.
Many people have jobs they hate or they love their jobs but they do not get paid very much. As a matter of fact the odds of winning the jackpot at keno are much higher then in the state sponsored lottery.
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26 Short Guide to Texas Hold ‘Emby Alyson Modlin (21 followers)
There are 52 cards in a standard deck of cards, numbered 2-10, Jack, Queen, King, and Ace of four different suits (clubs, hearts, spades, and diamonds). Poker is a game of odds, luck, and skill. The winner…
Some come here to read, others just to kill time and meet friends.
The chain’s rise comes at a time when bookstores in the United States and Europe are struggling to survive, with some forced to shut down due to growing pressure from online competitors like Amazon.
In the United Kingdom, a third of all independent bookstores have closed down in the last decade, according to the Booksellers Association.
Chia Hsiang and Huang Yu Han, two friends from Taipei, are typical customers.
Eslite’s success may seem counter-intuitive especially when it seems most late-night visitors treat it like a library, leaving empty handed after hours of free reading. Today, 25 years on, the company runs 42 stores in Taiwan, one in Hong Kong and has ambitious plans to expand in China.
Going out to drink alcohol is too expensive, while reading books at the store is free, he explains.
Here, young and old sit side-by-side on small steps or around reading tables, deeply engrossed in literary worlds.
“I love this place.
The chain’s Hong Kong store revised its round-the-clock schedule after a month-long trial, although it still opens until 11pm on weekdays and midnight on Friday and Saturday.
Eslite’s Timothy Wang claims that the business is successful because it creates “a friendly environment” and treats “books as well as the visitors with great hospitality.”
That’s good news for Tom Chen, a 30-year-old police officer reading about global manufacturing trends on a recent Friday night.
They sit in the bookstore café sipping hot chocolate and coffee and plan to spend the night gossiping.
It has also become a magnet for tourists visiting the island, some from the mainland China in search for literature banned under the Communist Party’s strict censorship.
But why here and not just a bar or restaurant?
“It’s a cool place, a bit like Soho in New York,” Huang says.
Earlier this year, the company reportedly stopped selling sensitive books about Tibet and human rights issues, possibly in an attempt to appease Chinese authorities becoming uncomfortable ahead of the planned new stores in Shanghai and Suzhou.
The company denied the allegations and I found books by both Wang Lixiong and Tsering Woeser, the supposedly banned dissident writers.
The 24-hour store at Dunhua Road has five floors, each dedicated to different categories, like fashion, music, food or events.
“This core idea makes Eslite barely impacted by the changes of the industry.”
In some stores, books and products are displayed next to each other at the same table. I come here every weekend.”
. It’s like a place for modern culture and it’s close to some of the best nightclubs and bars.”
Online, many reviewers say the bookstore is a great place to pick up girls or guys, although none of the people I spoke to confessed to that.
One of every four visitors to Taiwan visits an Eslite Bookstore, according to the firm.
However, Eslite has come under fire over allegations of self-censorship as it gears up to tap the Chinese market.
Others stand and some sit on the floor, all reading in hushed silence as soft classical music seeps out from the speakers. Story highlightsBookstore chain in Taiwan thrives while stores elsewhere foldMain store opens 24 hours, attracting hipsters as well as bookwormsCompany has ambitious plans to expand in ChinaWhile some people are slowly walking home through the neon-lit streets, or getting ready to hit the club scene, others are on their way to a more unusual nocturnal hangout — a bookstore.
“It is our belief that the more digital the society (becomes), the more we treasure the warmth of the interconnection,” Wang says. — Barnes Noble — is shutting stores as its management struggles to meet the challenges from its digital rivals.
Eslite has hit upon a concept to dodge this trend — making the store as much a place for books as it is for design, fashion and home styling, small cafes and restaurants.
“Many cool people hang out here. The top floor is all books.
It reported revenue of around $425 million in 2013, with books accounting for some 40 percent of sales, according to company spokesman Timothy Wang. Sales are expected to increase by almost eight percent this year.
Hipsters and bookworms
The mix of literature and design has made the store a hangout for hipsters as well as bookworms, allowing the company to shrug off the challenges of the digital age.
“People in Taipei do many things by night,” says Wan Hsuan Chang, a teacher who sits on a step in the middle of the store, skimming through the children’s classic “When Marnie Was There” by Joan G Robinson.
“You can go to the night market, shopping or nightclubbing.
The Eslite store in central Taipei opens 24 hours and has more night owl visitors than most Western bookstores could dream of during their daytime hours.
“There are people trying to concentrate on their books here.”
The Eslite Group, that runs the five-story store, opened its first branch in Taipei in 1989.
It’s also not clear whether the company will be able to replicate its 24-hour model outside Taiwan where the bookstores have become a cultural phenomenon.
And the last major book retailer in the U.S. I read,” she adds, before telling me to keep my voice down
Open at Merion Golf Club in Ardmore, Pennsylvania, Nye said players stretched and talked to fellow competitors in the clubhouse to pass the time during a weather delay.. Showers and thunderstorms will be most numerous around Augusta on Sunday night through Monday, but a stray shower will sneak in late on Sunday afternoon.
“They try to build that back up through a warmup, but that’s a very hard thing to do, because it’s not only a physical thing, but it’s getting your mind back in that competitive place that it was at,” Nye said.
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While an area of high pressure allowed comfortable weather to compliment the exciting play on Saturday, it will loosen its grip on the Augusta area and open the door for wet weather to return.
Clouds will otherwise mix with sunshine for the final day of play as temperatures rise to the upper 70s.
While disruptive weather can serve as another challenge to an already daunting golf course, weather delays aren’t uncommon at Augusta.
A shower threatens to sneak northward to Augusta National Golf Club later on Sunday, putting a damper on the conclusion of the 2015 Masters.
According to AccuWeather.com Senior Meteorologist Alex Sosnowski, Augusta National has its own weather center where officials can monitor severe weather developments and quickly evacuate players, spectators and staff from the course when needed.
For the golfers, getting their bodies physically and mentally ready to resume play can be a difficult thing, especially when it comes to replicating their playing rhythm, according to Nye.
In the event of a weather delay, a golfer’s rhythm could be altered, which can be especially detrimental for a golfer in the middle of a good round. Conversely, those who might be struggling could use the weather delay to regroup and figure out how to get their game back on track.
AccuWeather.com Senior Meteorologist Kristina Pydynowski contributed to the content of this story.
“It’s a part of their world, they grow used to it, [but] you never like it,” Penn State University Men’s Golf Coach Greg Nye previously told AccuWeather.com.
Their epicenters stretched from Afghanistan-Tajikistan to Nepal-Tibet border to Indonesia regions.
Take a brief look at earth change events on one day in May – Tuesday, May 12, 2015, the day of the Nepal earthquake, and you decide if the earth wobble is getting worse:
Be sure to share this information with others . Share this information with those with eyes to see and ears to hear . and one at 3:15 a.m.
Japan: 6.8 quake jolted areas damaged by the 2011 quake and tsunami that triggered nuclear meltdown at Fukushima
UK: Not one but two sign collapses in London. – Indonesia (6.2)
0650 a.m. Everest, near the Chinese border. . (On May 10, a 9 meter long steel stake weighing about 630 kg fell from the same construction site, and on May 6.
Indonesia like India, Bhutan, and Bangladesh will fare poorly prior to and during the coming Pole Shift.
0610 a.m. . . . The Zetas of ZetaTalk predicted many long years ago that, during the Pole Shift, India, as well as Bangladesh and Bhutan, would be forcefully pushed down and under the Himalayas and under ensuring ocean waves. . In the morning, a billboard collapsed and fell on woman on her way to work around 0900 UTC and just hours later at 9:40 p.m., a sign situated above KK Stationers crashed onto the street below, just yards from morning billboard collapse.
Canada: Rock face collapsed on Sudbury highway sending massive boulders crashing across the road
California: Broken water main described as “colossal” shot a geyser into air, flooded streets, created a sinkhole in Los Angeles Tuesday morning
Texas: A massive sinkhole collapsed a road in Corpus Christi
Chain of tremors . . . And, lest we forget, on that same day only about 3 hours later (0912 GMT), a 6.8 quake rattled Japan. . Some of the dots will be connected for you. . – Afghanistan/Tajikistan quake
0627 a.m. Thanks.
As can be seen from recent seismic activity in these areas, pressure is building rapidly as Planet X (Nibiru) closes the gap between itself and Earth, creating a hotbed of earth change disasters and massive land shifts for not only Asian countries, but for the entire world.
All three in about 40 minutes. As India is pushed down and under the Himalayas, Nepal is being pushed up, and so quakes like this will be the new norm for Nepal, as well as India, Bhutan, and Bangladesh, as the Pole Shift approaches.
On May 12, at least four major earthquakes jolted Asia, three of them within minutes of each other. .
As most of the world knows, Nepal and the Himalayan region, still reeling from the devastating 7.8 quake on April 25, suffered a second major earthquake on May 12 – a 7.3 magnitude quake that hit halfway between Kathmandu and Mt. In a recent three-day period (May 10, 11, and 12), several meters of land in southern coastal India were washed away by the advancing ocean. – Nepal (7.3)
For residents to even consider rebuilding in this area, might be unwise, but then we all have free will. and by all means, sharpen your survival skills.
Pole Shift skeptics should agree .
Signs of sinking can already be seen along the coastal areas of India and Bangladesh, where residents are threatened by advancing waves. . a crane collapsed in Dong Thap killing a mother and her two children.)
Indonesia: 6.2 quake in the Banda Sea at 0722 UTC.
New Zealand: 4.0 earthquake in the morning followed two overnight quakes, one at 11:30 p.m. it’s important.
Be sure to click LIKE and subscribe for Free updates. . Considering these major earthquakes in Local Time can be confusing, so here they are in UTC:
Map by CSIR-NGRI, Hyderabad shows seismicity above magnitude 4.5 in Nepal region from Apr 25 to May 11 and that of May 12.
After Nepal’s recent disastrous earthquakes, does anyone need more proof of major earth changes to come? Does anyone still doubt that India is being violently shoved down and under the Himalayas? Will two massive, and downgraded, earthquakes and scores of aftershocks within a two-week period convince you?
Even Pole Shift skeptics should agree that two huge earthquakes in Nepal within two weeks of each other is “NOT NORMAL,” but rather part of the new normal for Planet Earth. .
Earth wobble is worse . and bless the rest . .
How about the “chain of tremors” that rattled not only Nepal, but also north and east India, the Afghanistan/Tajikistan border, Indonesia, and Japan to name only a few – all on Tuesday, May 12, 2015 with three of these major quakes happening in less than 60 minutes? Coincidence?
Just let earth change disasters and your intuition be your guide about what to do and when. Connected? You be the judge of that!
arsenal. Dianne Feinstein, a California Democrat, asked recently.
A memo obtained by a British newspaper indicates that at a conference this summer, Defense and Energy department officials will consider questions like: “What is the uncertainty in confidence and potential risk threshold for a test recommendation–what would demand a test?”
But some members of Congress believe conventional weapons could do the same job, and worry that mini-nukes would blur the line between conventional and nuclear weapons. Defense officials said in 2002 that at present, the U.S could go from the decision to test to a trial run in two to three years. Duncan Hunter, R.-Calif., last May. Others contend that making more bombs is a bad idea if the U.S. A bomb of just one kiloton, detonated 30 meters below the earth, can open a crater wider than a football field, according to Princeton physicist Robert W. “Unless we do a lot more research and development and we find some quantum breakthrough in conventional systems, to go deep is going to require a nuclear capability.”. Nelson.
Announcing its approval of the bill Friday, the Senate Armed Services committee stressed that nothing in the repeal means it has authorized “the testing, acquisition, or deployment of a low-yield nuclear weapon.”
The Foster Panel, which studied the testing issue last year, recommended improvements that would allow a test within three months to a year of deciding to do so. wants to stop proliferation.
A kiloton is equal to the explosive force of one thousand tons of TNT.
But the administration says smaller nuclear arms may eventually be needed to deal with the emerging threat of rogue states hoarding weapons of mass destruction.
The ban — named after sponsors Elizabeth Furse, D-Ore., retired, and John Spratt, D-S.C. — did not prohibit designing a testing device with a yield below five kilotons, modifying an existing weapon for safety reasons or conducting research and development necessary “to address proliferation concerns.”
“Nuclear weapons have a unique ability to destroy both agent containers and (Chemical and Biological Weapons),” reads a 2001 Pentagon study.
“One way you ensure that there are no safe havens is to be able to go deep,” said Armed Services Committee chairman Rep. Edward Kennedy, the administration has budgeted $700 million for studying how testing might resume. Five people watching the surf from Hurricane Bill were swept out to sea at Acadia National Park in Maine. development of low-yield nuclear weapons.
The Bush administration may get permission to create kinder, gentler or at least smaller nuclear weapons if Congress overturns a ban on doing so.
The defense appropriations bill now winding its way through the Hill contains a clause revoking the 1993 Spratt-Furse amendment, which prohibits the development of so-called “low-yield” nuclear weapons – bombs that pack a punch of less than five kilotons.
Last year, the U.S. D. conducted its last nuclear test in 1992, and while the White House opposes the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty — which the U.S. has signed but not ratified — the administration says it has no plans to conduct a test. Crouch, the assistant secretary of Defense for International Security Policy, said in a briefing last year.
The move to clear the legal hurdles on manufacturing mini-nukes is part of a broad review of U.S. In the modern U.S. spent more in real terms on atomic defense activities than since 1962.
Strategy — In its Nuclear Posture Review last year, the administration identified Iraq, Iran, Syria, Libya, North Korea as countries where “contingencies” could arise that U.S. Two had been recovered and three were still missing as of 5 p.m. policy on nuclear weapons, which has included:
Bunker busters — For the second year in a row, the Energy Department is requesting $15 million to study the need for a Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator (RNEP).
Supporters say these weapons might be necessary to deal with so-called “hard and deeply buried targets” in rogue states and terrorist camps, of which there might be 10,000 in the world.
Copyright 2003 CBS.
However, the administration is paying increasing attention to the possibility that it might at some point have to resume testing if there were a question about the reliability of the nation’s stockpile. According to Sen. “nuclear strike capabilities” must be geared towards, according to a leaked copy of the report.
The 1993 low-yield ban that the current defense bill would delete stated that “it shall be the policy of the United States not to conduct research and development which could lead to the production by the United States of a new low-yield nuclear weapon, including a precision low-yield warhead.”
But some experts contend that no bomb of any size could go very deep, because the heavier the bomb, the harder the impact — and the harder the impact, the more likely the bomb would explode before it reached sufficient depth.
Testing — The U.S. All rights reserved.
CAROUSEL – People watch as water breaches a rock wall at Lawrencetown, Nova Scotia, Canada, Sunday, August 23, 2009. “If you were to have a problem with a weapon system that you needed to rectify using a test, you would want to be able to do that faster,” J. ET Sunday.
AP Photo/Canadian Press/Tim Krochak
The Little Boy bomb dropped on Hiroshima delivered around 15 kilotons. Other efforts include developing lasers and computers to simulate aspects of nuclear tests.
Nuclear Stockpiles: President Bush has agreed to dramatic reductions in the number of nuclear weapons in the U.S. arsenal, the submarine-launched Mk-5 holds eight W88 warheads of 475 kilotons each.
“How can we effectively seek to dissuade others from developing nuclear weapons while we are going forward with the development of new nuclear weapons ourselves?” Sen. According to the Los Alamos National Laboratory, the move “restores the nation’s ability to make nuclear weapons,” and was needed so the Energy Department could replace pits found unsafe or destroyed through regular check-ups.
By Jarrett Murphy
CBSNews.com’s Jarrett Murphy takes a look at the prospects for the U.S.
At the same time, however, last month the United States produced a plutonium pit — the core of a fission bomb — for the first time in 14 years. Last May, he and Russian President Vladimir Putin agreed to slash their active arsenals by nearly two-thirds, to 1700 to 2200 warheads each, within 10 years
Approximately 12 U.S. The U.S. Some 350 of these bombs are deployed at seven airbases in six European NATO countries; of these, 180 tactical B61 nuclear bombs fall under a nuclear sharing arrangement.”
“For 2007, the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists listed the U.S. All USAF Minuteman II missiles have been destroyed in accordance to START and their launch silos sealed or sold to the public. The Strategic Air Command which for decades had kept nuclear weapons aboard bomber aircraft aloft 24 hours a day was disbanded in 1992 and merged into the US Strategic Command. To comply with the START II most US multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles, or MIRVs, have been eliminated and replaced with single warhead missiles. Some Trident missiles are equipped with the W88 warhead.
- Heavy bomber group:
The US Air Force also operates a strategic nuclear bomber fleet. The bomber force consists of 94 B-52s, and 19 B-2s. Other warheads are in some step of the disassembly process.”
“- Land-based intercontinental ballistic and cruise missiles (ICBMs)
The US Air Force currently operates about 450-500 ICBMs at around 15 missile complexes located primarily in the northern Rocky Mountain states and the Dakotas. The first Minuteman III were removed under this plan in 2007 while, at the same time, the warheads deployed on Minuteman IIIs began to be upgraded from smaller W62s to larger W87s from decommissioned Peacekeeper missiles.. These are all of the Minuteman III ICBM variants. attack submarines are equipped to launch, but do not currently carry nuclear Tomahawk missiles. maintains about 400 nuclear gravity bombs capable of use by F-15, F-16, and F-35. Sea-launch weapons make up the majority of weapons declared under START II rules. However, since the abandonment of the START II treaty, the U.S. – Sea-based ICBMs:
The US Navy currently has 14 SSBN Ohio-class submarines deployed. goal under the SORT treaty is to reduce from 1,600 warheads deployed on over 500 missiles in 2003 to 500 warheads on 450 missiles in 2012. All 64 B-1s were retrofitted to operate in a solely conventional mode by 2007 and are no longer counted as nuclear forces.
In addition to this, the US armed forces can also deploy tactical smaller nuclear weapons either through cruise missiles or with conventional fighter-bombers. with about 5,400 total nuclear warheads: around 3,575 strategic and 500 nonstrategic warheads; and about 1,260 additional warheads held in the inactive stockpile. Each submarine is equipped with a complement of 24 Trident II missiles. Peacekeeper missiles were phased out of the Air Force inventory in 2005. The U.S. is said to be considering retaining 500 warheads on 450 missiles
The last of the original triggers were manufactured in the late 1980s.
The change in manufacturing process, from wrought to cast, has been a subject of debate and extensive analysis among those involved in nuclear weapons. These means included small-scale plutonium tests, technical data from past underground tests, and computer codes and models.
Project on Government Oversight: http://www.pogo.org
By H. The bottom line _ the pits produced meet all functional quality requirements for use and are fully accepted by NNSA.”
Sunday, January 20, 2008. The original triggers were made with the benefit of underground nuclear testing, which the U.S. So far, nine have earned the “diamond stamp” from the National Nuclear Security Administration, which oversees the lab’s programs. All rights reserved. no longer conducts underground nuclear tests, the Los Alamos scientists had to rely on other sources to replicate the original triggers and guarantee that the replacements would be as reliable as the old. Any variation or flaw in the pit could cause a warhead not to detonate properly or to detonate with less explosive power than expected.
The new ones were made by using a mold to cast the grapefruit-size plutonium sphere. Scientists at Los Alamos and at the government’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California concluded the change did not degrade the reliability of the triggers, according to NNSA.
FOXNews.com – Quality of Nuclear Devices Questioned – Politics | Republican Party | Democratic Party | Political Spectrum
The government will not say how many W88 warheads it has. That difference in cost was noted by Brian in the letter to the energy secretary.
Because the U.S. It meant the warheads, after testing that makes the original trigger unsuitable for reuse, could be reassembled with a new trigger and put back into service.
In an e-mail response to the watchdog group’s claims, Bernard Pleau, a spokesman for the agency’s office at Los Alamos, said the changes do not “compromise the integrity of the parts. She posed that question in a letter last Friday to Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman.
The Project on Government Oversight says it was told by some Los Alamos scientists that the trigger certified last July and known as the W88 pit needed 72 waivers from the specifications used for the original triggers, including 53 engineering-related changes.
Since last summer’s announcement, the Los Alamos lab has made 10 additional W88 triggers. This process is viewed by metallurgists as producing a stronger product.
On the Net:
Copyright 2008 The Associated Press. The original triggers, all made at the now-closed Rocky Flats facility in Colorado, were hammered into precise form. For years, however, testing the warhead’s components to ensure the weapon produces the intended blast instead of a fizzle has been complicated by a lack of replacement plutonium triggers.
Last summer, the first replacement plutonium trigger in 18 years received “diamond stamp” approval signaling it was ready for use in a warhead. halted in 1992, and through a different process than the replacements. At Los Alamos, it has cost an estimated $430 million over 10 years to certify the first trigger. To scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, that was a milestone to celebrate. The scientist spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitive nature of the issue.
Precise manufacture of the trigger is essential.
National Nuclear Security Administration: http://www.nnsa.doe.gov/
The agency acknowledged there were “more than 70 engineering authorizations” _ as it characterizes the waivers _ approved in the new W88 pit certification and that this was a “relative high number.”
But Los Alamos and agency officials bristle at suggestions that the new triggers might be less reliable or have flaws that could affect their performance.
A single trigger made at Rocky Flats cost less than $4 million. The result is a a massive hydrogen blast.
The government acknowledges differences between the old triggers and their replacements.
Resting atop the Trident II missile, the W88 warhead is among the mainstays of the country’s submarine-based nuclear arsenal. He was on a panel that last year concluded the plutonium in warhead triggers is much sturdier than previously thought, with a life span of as much 100 years.
Los Alamos National Laboratory: http://www.lanl.gov/
In a warhead’s detonation, a conventional explosive packaged around the pit compresses the plutonium inward, creating enough pressure for an atomic chain reaction. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
“With this large number of waivers, how is it possible to objectively tell whether the pit will even work?” said Danielle Brian, executive director of the group that monitors nuclear weapons-related activities. JOSEF HEBERT, Associated Press Writer
“The manufacturing process for the W88 has been incredibly, thoroughly vetted,” said Jeanloz. That, in turn, creates the high temperatures and pressure to ignite a “secondary” nuclear component. Such approval means they are ready to use.
A watchdog group now is raising questions about whether the replacement triggers, also known as pits, can be guaranteed to be as reliable as those already in some 400 W88 warheads. That required extensive computer modeling and testing to assure precise shape, size and weight and that the triggers meet performance requirements.
At least one other replacement pit required 71 specification waivers, a Los Alamos scientist indirectly involved in the production process told The Associated Press. The number has been estimated at about 400, in addition to an estimated 3,200 W76 warheads that also are designed for the submarine-based Trident II missile.
Raymond Jeanloz of the University of California at Berkeley, a longtime adviser to the government on nuclear weapons issues, said in an interview he is not surprised there have been some modification in the W88 warhead, but that does not mean it is less reliable.
Kevin Roark, a spokesman for the Los Alamos weapons program said the changes in specifications “have been fully explored, fully vetted and fully accepted by NNSA and engineering analysis (conducted) by us.”
Officials say the cost figures reflect the fact that new facilities and a new process for making the replacement triggers had to be developed